It’s no secret. CBD is the star of today’s self-care industry. From taking CBD Capsules in the mornings to applying CBD Icy Salve after an intense workout—this cannabinoid plant can be added to your daily life in multiple ways.
Most users don’t know how it’s made. Fortunately, we’re here to tell you how. Knowing the process of CBD can help you determine the right one for you. CBD extraction methods greatly impact the potency, taste, and quality of the final product. For this reason, it’s always best to take a closer look at the CBD extraction method used.
Read on for the most common CBD extraction processes.
First, Let’s Cover the Basics
CBD, a cannabinoid, is a naturally occurring chemical compound extracted from the Cannabis sativa plant—known as marijuana. According to the 2018 Farm Bill, CBD derived from hemp and containing 0.3% THC or less is deemed legal. The versatility of CBD is unmatched. You can use CBD in just about anything from beeswax and essential oils to capsules and gummies.
There are three types of CBD products you'll commonly hear about: CBD isolate infused products which are made with pure isolated Cannabidiol; full spectrum products, which contain the entirety of the source materials cannabinoid and terpene profile, including a federally legal level of 0.3% THC; and broad-spectrum CBD products that contain a full spectrum of the plant's cannabinoid and terpene profile with NO detectable levels of THC.
Popular CBD Extraction Methods: How It Works
To make a premium product, CBD must be extracted and preserved from the hemp plant—but this takes precision and care. While there are several CBD extraction methods, here are the most common ones:
As named, this extraction requires the help of a solvent, whether food grade ethanol or hydrocarbon (propane, butane, etc.). The solvent is steeped or rinsed over plant trimming, which extracts the desired compounds.
If using a hydrocarbon solvent, the mixture extracted will contain the cannabinoids and other useful compounds. Lastly, the majority of the solvent is removed, leaving a pure, concentrated CBD oil. The refinement method, however, will depend on the desired end product.
With the help of ethanol extraction, the liquid is then distilled to separate the hemp oil from the food-grade ethanol and to isolate the desired compounds further.
Pros & Cons
Solvent extraction is an efficient and fairly inexpensive method. Hydrocarbons are also well-known for preserving the plant’s flavor aroma—which means more quality product and higher potency. Best of all, it won’t require specialized equipment that most extraction processes use.
The downside? Due to the volatile nature of solvents, this method can be dangerous and must be handled with extreme caution. Additionally, residual solvent can get left in the final product or give the product an unpleasant taste if not extracted meticulously.
And then there’s CO2 extraction.
This scientifically-backed method is quite interesting and consists typically of three chambers.
CO2, carbon dioxide, is applied to the hemp plant to extract cannabinoids and other desirable compounds. The first chamber contains the CO2 in a gaseous state, which will convert to a liquid state. This is done by increasing the pressure and decreasing the temperature. Next, both pressure and temperature are slowly increased until the liquid reaches the “supercritical” point.
Now for the fascinating part—once the temperature is increased, the CO2 will reside somewhere between a liquid state and a gaseous state. This way, it retains the properties of each: the CO2 will be concentrated like a liquid and expand like gas.
Once CO2 reaches its optimal state, it is then moved to a second chamber. This chamber contains the hemp plant material. CO2 will travel through the hemp and separate the oil and its desired compounds from the plant material. Finally, we get to the third chamber, where the CO2 and oil fully separates, and the residual CO2 evaporates. This leaves you with a highly concentrated CBD oil extract.
Pros & Cons
CO2 extractions are extremely precise, effective, solvent-free, and safe—even environmentally friendly.
However, preciseness comes at a price. The CO2 extraction is more complicated considering the scientific method applied. Plus, equipment is quite expensive, but it’s worth the investment for a highly concentrated extract.
Pure. Powerful. Premium CBD Starts Here.
When it comes to CBD, you deserve the best quality for your buck. And while everyone has their preferences on the CBD they use, a minimally processed, crafted product should be the standard—not one you have to search for.
If you’re looking for a pure, powerful CBD product, look no further. BVV CBD offers a line of premium CBD products composed of the finest ingredients and USA-grown. We utilize the best extraction, distillation, and isolation processes for the highest quality, solvent-free crude oil, distillate, and isolate.
Committed to providing premium CBD backed by real science, all BVV CBD products are formulated in a clean facility and undergo extensive testing to ensure our consumers’ safety and well-being.
From premium CBD Capsules to CBD Gummies, shop BVV CBD for cannabinoids made with you in mind!